Q 1 Elaborate various literary and rhetorical devices used by poets and other writers for special effects.
Q 2 Distinguish between Language form and language function with suitable examples.
Q 3 Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
i. Who are you so angry ………?
ii. What are you so angry………?
iii. No one likes being laughed………..
iv. I need something to write……….
v. What are you staring………….
vi. This is the young man I told you……….
vii. He needs other children to play ………
viii. Which train are you taking ………….?
ix. What are you discussing…………….?
x. Success is one thing you can never be absolutely sure…………
Q 4 Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with suitable adverbs or prepositions to form phrasal verbs:
i) Please take __________ your coat.
ii) We have taken __________ a new project.
iii) I was taken ________a doctor because I had been able to cure some people in the neighbourhood.
iv) Seeta takes _________ her mother.
v) The old lady offered to take __________ the homeless stranger.
Q. 5. Complete the following sentences by using appropriate articles.
i. We live in _____ big house
ii. How did you like________ film?
iii. Is your son old enough to go to ________park?
iv. It’s _________grand party.
v. I met ______ man
Q. 6. Insert appropriate modal auxiliaries in the given blanks.
i. I ___________ write as soon as I can. (intention)
ii. You _________ do as you are told. (strong obligation: tone of command)
iii. We ________ go to Nanital next summer. (possibility that the event may actually happen)
iv. Children _________ be very noisy. (theoretical possibility)
Q 7. Read the following passage and point out literary and rhetorical devices you can find in it
We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many long months of struggle and of suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I will say: it is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us: to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime. This is our policy. You ask, what is our aim! I can answer in one word: Victory – Victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival. Let that be realized; no survival for the British Empire; no survival for the urge and impulse of the ages that mankind will move forward towards its goal. But I take up my task with buoyancy and hope. I feel sure that our cause will not be suffered to fail among men. At this time I feel entitled to claim the aid of all, and I say, ‘Come, then let us go forward together with our united strength’.
Q 8 Read the following stanza from Rabindra Nath Tagore’s poem “Where the mind is without fear” and answerthe questions given below.
Where the mind is without fear
And the head is held high,
Where knowledge is free,
And the world has not been broken up into
Fragments by narrow domestic walls,
Where the clear stream of reason has not been lost
in the dreary desert sand of dead habit,
Into that haven of freedom,
O father, let my country awake.
i) Explain the following extensions of meaning in the poem above:
a) ‘World has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls’.
b) ‘Clear stream of reason’.
c) ‘lost in the dreary desert sand of dead habit’
Q. 9. Use appropriate suffix to the following words:
Q 1 Distinguish between literal meanings and extended meanings.
Q 2 Discuss the characteristics of structure words in use.
Q 3 Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
i) The man was standing ____________ me.
ii) The book is ______________ the table.
iii) He was telling us _______ what he saw last night.
iv) They will leave ________ lunch.
v) I met him the day _____ you arrived.
Q 4 Make four words by adding suffix –ate
Q 5 Rewrite the following sentences in correct form:
i) I have seen him yesterday.
ii) The hen has lain six eggs.
iii) They discussed about the whole matter.
iv) He is sleeping for two hours.
v) Neither of the boys have returned.
Q 6 Give the meanings of the phrasal verbs used in the following sentences:
i) The meeting was put off.
ii) I couldn’t make out what he was driving at.
iii) The manager wanted to kick him out but the staff backed him up.
iv) The plane took off at 7:00 am exactly.
v) The manager turned down his request for a day off.
Q 7. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
There’s No Pleasing A Lawn Freak
I just figured out that if ever there were a valid suit for alienation of affection, it would be that lousy lawn.
There is something about the ability of a man to grow a few blades of grass that contributes to his masculinity. He is either a grass grower or he is not a grass grower.
A lawn enthusiast has two moods: irritable and irritable. These are interchangeable depending on whether the grass is growing or whether the grass is not growing.
When the grass is not growing, my husband goes to the library to see what could be missing, has his soil analyzed, waters, soaks, fertilizes, and has the nurseryman who sold him the seed make a house call.
When the grass is growing, he runs the mower back to the store to make sure the blade is cutting, trims, rakes, rolls and makes an absence phone call to the dog next door who over-fertilized it in the first place.
There is no pleasing a lawn freak.
Some say it is normal for a man to want a pretty lawn. I don’t know what is normal any more. I sent the kids to Mother’s blew an entire food budget on steaks and wine, put a dab of garlic on the light bulb and slipped into something that had not been paid for. “What are you thinking?” I teased, turning off the TV set.
“Did you turn the hose off?” he asked.
Is it normal for a man to call the police and report a flock of birds that are eating our grass seed? Is it normal for a grown man to mourn a brown spot for three years?
(From Erma Bombeck: ‘There’s no pleasing a lawn freak’: from her column ‘At Wit’s End’).
1. Do you find an element of humor in this passage? What is it that contributes to humor?
2. Give examples of hyperbole in the passage.
3. Explain the lines ‘There is something about the ability of a man to grow a few blades of grass…They’re just not one of the boys.’
Q 8 Read the following stanza from John Masefield’s poem ‘Laugh and Be Merry’ and answer the questions given below.
Laugh and be merry: remember, better the world with a song,
Better the world with a blow in the teeth of a wrong.
Laugh, for the time is brief, a thread the length of a span.
Laugh, and be proud to belong to the old proud pageant of man.
i) Give the number of beats (stressed syllables) in each line, and mark the stressed syllables
ii) What is the pattern of rhyme in the stanza?
iii) Give examples of the use of alliteration in the stanza.
iv) Give examples of the use of assonance in the stanza.