IGNOU MS-04 - Accounting and Finance for Managers

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Accounting and Finance for Managers

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IGNOU MS-04 Code Details

  • University IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University)
  • Title Accounting and Finance for Managers
  • Language(s)
  • Code MS-04
  • Subject Financial Management
  • Degree(s) MBA (MS)
  • Course Core Courses (CC)

IGNOU MS-04 English Topics Covered

Block 1 - Accounting Framework

  • Unit 1 - Accounting And Its Functions
  • Unit 2 - Accounting Concepts And Standards
  • Unit 3 - Accounting Information and its Applications

Block 2 - Understanding Financial Statements

  • Unit 1 - Construction and Analysis of Balance Sheet
  • Unit 2 - Construction and Analysis of Profit and Loss Account
  • Unit 3 - Construction and Analysis of Fund Flow and Cash Flow Statements

Block 3 - Cost Management

  • Unit 1 - Understanding and Classifying Costs
  • Unit 2 - Absorption and Marginal Costing
  • Unit 3 - Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis
  • Unit 4 - Variance Analysis

Block 4 - Financial and Investment Analysis

  • Unit 1 - Financial Management : An Introduction
  • Unit 2 - Ratio Analysis
  • Unit 3 - Leverage Analysis
  • Unit 4 - Budgeting and Budgetary Control
  • Unit 5 - Investment Appraisal Methods

Block 5 - Financial Decisions

  • Unit 1 - Management of Working Capital
  • Unit 2 - Capital Structure
  • Unit 3 - Dividend Decisions
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IGNOU MS-04 (January 2022 - July 2022) Assignment Questions

Q1. Accounting is closely associated with control". Explain the statement and discuss the role of accounting feedback in the process of control. What do you understand by Internal Audit? How do the functions of an internal auditor differ from that of External Auditor? Q2. You are required to prepare a Schedule of Changes in Working Capital and a Statement showing Sources and Application of Funds for XYZ Ltd. The following is the condensed Balance sheet of XYZ Ltd. at the beginning and at the end of the year 2021 Additional information available is: (a) Dividend was paid @ 10% . (b) During the year and old machinery costing Rs. 12,000 was sold for Rs. 4,000, on which accumulated depreciation was Rs. 6,000 and a new machinery of Rs. 20,000 was purchased. The factory sheds are fully depreciated. (c) 5% Debentures of face value of Rs. 100 each worth Rs. 20,000 were redeemed by purchase from the open market at Rs. 96 each. (d) Rs. 10,000 was debited to the contingency reserve for settlement of previous tax liability. (e) Investment worth Rs. 26,000 were sold at book value. Q3. Explain the technique of Marginal Costing and Absorption Costing. Taking a suitable example prepare a Profit and Loss Account according to Marginal Costing and Absorption Costing. Q4. A firm has sales of Rs. 75, 00,000 variable cost of Rs. 42, 00,000 and fixed cost of Rs. 6,00,000. It has a debt of Rs. 45, 00,000 at 9% and equity of Rs. 55, 00,000. (i) What is the firm’s ROI? (ii) Does it have favorable financial leverage? (iii) If the firm belongs to an industry whose asset turnover is 3, does it have high or low asset leverage? (iv) What are the operating, financial and combined leverages of the firm? (v) If the sales drop to Rs. 50.00.000, what will be the new EBIT? (vi) At what level the EBT of the firm will be equal to zero? Q5. Discuss the concept of Working Capital. As a financial manager which factors would you take into consideration while estimating working capital needs of your firm.

IGNOU MS-04 (January 2021 - December 2021) Assignment Questions

  1. Explain the purposes of Accounting Information? Which purpose, in your opinion, is most important and why?
  2. The following are the summarized Balance Sheets of ABC Ltd as on 31st December, 2019 and 31st December 2020, respectively: No plant and machinery was sold during the year 2020. Depreciation written off during 2020 was Rs 7,500. Net Profit for the year was Rs. 8,200. dividend paid during 2020 in respect of previous year was Rs. 6,000 . Capital reserve represented a profit on sale of freehold premises. You are Required to prepare: (i) a Statement showing Changes of Working Capital during 2020; and (ii) A Funds Flow Statement for the same period.
  3. Discuss the techniques of Absorption Costing and Marginal Costing using a suitable example.
  4. Explain the different types of Budgets prepared in an Organization of your choice and discuss the relevance of these budgets to that organisation.
  5. Alpha Ltd is considering a capital investment proposal where two alternatives, involving differing degrees of mechanization, are being considered. New machinery would cost Rs. 2,78,000 in option 1 and Rs. 8,05,000 in option 2. Both these investments would have a five year life, however it is anticipated that the scrap values after 5 years would be Rs. 28,000 and Rs. 1,50,000 respectively. Depreciation is provided on a straight line basis. Annual Cash Inflows, expected to be generated for option 1 is Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 2,50,000 for option 2. The cost of capital is 15%. You are required to calculate the following for each option: (i) The payback period (ii) The Accounting rate of return, based on average book value (iii) The Net Present Value (iv) The Internal Rate of Return. As a Manager which option you would prefer, give reasons for your preference.
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