IGNOU BCOC-131 - Financial Accounting

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वित्तीय लेखांकन

IGNOU’s Bachelor of Commerce (BCOMG) provides students a chance to learn about the fundamentals of accounting processes. In BCOC–131, students learn about the nature, scope, principles, process, and accounting rules. Topics covered include journal and ledger, subsidiary books, trial balance, depreciation, final, branch, hire-purchase, consignment and joint-venture accounts, introduction to computerized accounting, company creation, creating masters, voucher entries, invoicing, and preparation of reports.

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IGNOU BCOC-131 Code Details

  • University IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University)
  • Title Financial Accounting
  • Language(s) English and Hindi
  • Code BCOC-131
  • Subject Finance and Accounting
  • Degree(s) BCOMG
  • Course Core Courses (CC)

IGNOU BCOC-131 English Topics Covered

Block 1 - Theoretical Framework

  • Unit 1 - Nature and Scope of Accounting
  • Unit 2 - Accounting Process and Rules
  • Unit 3 - Accounting Principles
  • Unit 4 - Accounting Standards

Block 2 - Accounting Process

  • Unit 1 - Journal and Ledger
  • Unit 2 - Subsidiary Books
  • Unit 3 - Trial Balance

Block 3 - Final Accounts

  • Unit 1 - Depreciation
  • Unit 2 - Final Accounts-I
  • Unit 3 - Final Accounts-II

Block 4 - Hire Purchase and Inland Branches

  • Unit 1 - Hire Purchase Accounts-I
  • Unit 2 - Hire Purchase Accounts-II
  • Unit 3 - Branch Accounts-I
  • Unit 4 - Branch Accounts-II

Block 5 - Consignment and Joint Ventures

  • Unit 1 - Consignment Accounts-I
  • Unit 2 - Consignment Accounts-II
  • Unit 3 - Joint Venture Accounts

Block 6 - Computerised Accounting

  • Unit 1 - Introduction to Computerised Accounting and Creation of Company
  • Unit 2 - Creating Masters
  • Unit 3 - Voucher Entries and Invoicing
  • Unit 4 - Preparation of Reports

IGNOU BCOC-131 Hindi Topics Covered

Block 1 - सैद्धांतिक ढाँचा

  • Unit 1 - लेखाकरण का स्वरूप तथा कार्यक्षेत्र
  • Unit 2 - लेखाकरण प्रक्रिया और नियम
  • Unit 3 - लेखाकरण के सिद्धांत
  • Unit 4 - लेखाकरण मानक

Block 2 - लेखाकरण की प्रक्रिया

  • Unit 1 - जर्नल (रोजनामचा) एवं लेजर (खाता बही)
  • Unit 2 - सहायक बहियाँ
  • Unit 3 - तलपट

Block 3 - अंतिम लेखे

  • Unit 1 - मूल्यह्रास
  • Unit 2 - अंतिम लेख-I
  • Unit 3 - अंतिम लेखे-II

Block 4 - अवक्रय तथा देशीय ब्रांचे

  • Unit 1 - अवक्रय लेखा-I
  • Unit 2 - अवक्रय लेखा-I
  • Unit 3 - ब्रांच लेखा-I
  • Unit 4 - ब्रांच लेखा-II

Block 5 - प्रेषण तथा सयुंक्त उपक्रम

  • Unit 1 - प्रेषण लेखे-I
  • Unit 2 - प्रेषण लेखे-I
  • Unit 3 - सयुंक्त उपक्रम लेखे

Block 6 - कम्प्यूटरीकृत लेखाकरण

  • Unit 1 - कम्प्यूटरीकृत लेखाकरण का परिचय और कम्पनी निर्माण
  • Unit 2 - मास्टर्स बनाना
  • Unit 3 - वाउचर प्रविषिटयाँ तथा बीजक बनाना
  • Unit 4 - रिपोर्ट तैयार करना
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IGNOU BCOC-131 (July 2021 - January 2022) Assignment Questions

SECTION-A Attempt all the questions. Each question carries 10 marks. 1. Journalize the following transactions, Post them into ledger and prepare a Trial balance. a) Business started with a capital of Rs 5,00,000 b) Furniture purchased from Jai sons on credit Rs. 2,00,000 c) Payment made to Silky brothers Rs. 10,000 d) Commission Received from Haryana Automobiles Rs. 8,000 e) Goods purchased from Ramlal and Sons Rs. 6,00,000 f) Interest paid to Ghanshyam and Sons Rs. 6,000 2. On 1st April 2016, Chaudhary Harpal Singh purchased a Tractor of the cash price of Rs. 2,20,000 on hire-purchase system from Escorts Ltd. Rs. 20,000 were paid immediately and the balance in 4 annual instalments of Rs. 50,000 each with interest at 8% per annum. The depreciation is to be charged at 10% p.a. on written down value method. Harpal Singh paid 2 instalments and failed to pay the third instalment. Escorts Ltd. took away the tractor by paying him Rs. 90,000 in cash. Make necessary ledger accounts in the books of Harpal Singh. Books are closed on 31st March every year. 3. Oswal Mills Barnala consigned 5000 kg of vanaspati ghee to Rajendra Dealers of Panipat. Each kg. Ghee costs Rs. 8. Oswal Mills paid Rs. 50 for carriage, Rs. 250 for freight and Rs. 200 for insurance in transit. During transit 500 kg. Ghee was accidentally destroyed for which insurance company paid directly to the consignor Rs. 2500 in full settlement of the claim. After 3 month from the date of consignment of goods to Panipat, Rajendra Dealers reported that 1500 kg. Ghee was sold at Rs. 9.5 per kg. The expenses were: On Godown Rent Rs. 500, On Salesman Salary Rs. 700. Rajendra dealers are entitled to a commission of 5% on sales. Due to leakage, Rajendra Dealers also reported a loss of 20 kg. Ghee. Prepare consignment account and abnormal loss account in the books of the Consignor. 4. An Accountant finds the difference in the Trial Balance amounting to Rs. 210 and put it in the Suspense Account. Later on he detects the following errors. Rectify the errors and prepare the suspense Account. a) Goods purchased from Ram Rs. 700 were passed through sales book. b) Returned Goods to Shyam Rs. 1500 was passed through returns inward book. c) An item of Rs. 450 relating to prepaid rent account was omitted to brought forward. d) An item of Rs. 120 in respect of purchase returns, instead of being recorded in Returns Outward book has been wrongly entered in the purchase book and posted therefrom to the debit of personal account. e) Amount payable to Subhash for repairs done to Radio Rs. 180 and a new Radio supplied for Rs. 1920 were entered in the Purchase book as Rs. 2000. 5. Define Computerized Accounting and distinguish between manual and computerized accounting system. SECTION-B Attempt all the questions. Each question carries 5 marks. 6. State the essentials features of a joint Venture. 7. What are the main causes of disagreement of a Trial Balance? Briefly explain. 8. State the factors affecting the amount of depreciation. 9. Explain the uses of post dated vouchers. 10. What are the different types of branches? Explain the need for branch accounting. 11. Briefly explain the benefits of Accounting Standards. SECTION-C Attempt all the questions. Each question carries 10 marks. 12. Distinguish between the following: a) Cost of Goods Sold and Cost of Goods Produced b) Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet 13. Write short notes on the following: a) Systems of Book-keeping b) International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

IGNOU BCOC-131 (July 2020 - January 2021) Assignment Questions

  1. Journalize the following transactions, Post them into ledger and prepare a Trial balance. a) Business started with a capital of Rs 5,00,000 b) Furniture purchased from Jai sons on credit Rs. 2,00,000 c) Payment made to Silky brothers Rs. 10,000 d) Commission Received from Haryana Automobiles Rs. 8,000 e) Goods purchased from Ramlal and Sons Rs. 6,00,000 f) Interest paid to Ghanshyam and Sons Rs. 6,000
  2. On 1st April 2016, Chaudhary Harpal Singh purchased a Tractor of the cash price of Rs. 2,20,000 on hire-purchase system from Escorts Ltd. Rs. 20,000 were paid immediately and the balance in 4 annual installments of Rs. 50,000 each with interest at 8% per annum. The depreciation is to be charged at 10% p.a. on written down value method. Harpal Singh paid 2 installments and failed to pay the third installment. Escorts Ltd. took away the tractor by paying him Rs. 90,000 in cash. Make necessary ledger accounts in the books of Harpal Singh. Books are closed on 31st March every year.
  3. Oswal Mills Barnala consigned 5000 kg of vanaspati ghee to Rajendra Dealers of Panipat. Each kg. Ghee costs Rs. 8. Oswal Mills paid Rs. 50 for carriage, Rs. 250 for freight and Rs. 200 for insurance in transit. During transit 500 kg. Ghee was accidentally destroyed for which insurance company paid directly to the consignor Rs. 2500 in full settlement of the claim. After 3 month from the date of consignment of goods to Panipat, Rajendra Dealers reported that 1500 kg. Ghee was sold at Rs. 9.5 per kg. The expenses were: On Godown Rent Rs. 500, On Salesman Salary Rs. 700. Rajendra dealers are entitled to a commission of 5% on sales. Due to leakage, Rajendra Dealers also reported a loss of 20 kg. Ghee. Prepare consignment account and abnormal loss account in the books of the Consignor.
  4. An Accountant finds the difference in the Trial Balance amounting to Rs. 210 and put it in the Suspense Account. Later on he detects the following errors. Rectify the errors and prepare the suspense Account. a) Goods purchased from Ram Rs. 700 were passed through sales book. b) Returned Goods to Shyam Rs. 1500 was passed through returns inward book. c) An item of Rs. 450 relating to prepaid rent account was omitted to brought forward. d) An item of Rs. 120 in respect of purchase returns, instead of being recorded in Returns Outward book has been wrongly entered in the purchase book and posted therefrom to the debit of personal account. e) Amount payable to Subhash for repairs done to Radio Rs. 180 and a new Radio supplied for Rs. 1920 were entered in the Purchase book as Rs. 2000.
  5. Define Computerized Accounting and distinguish between manual and computerized accounting system.
  6. State the essentials features of a joint Venture.
  7. What are the main causes of disagreement of a Trial Balance? Briefly explain.
  8. State the factors affecting the amount of depreciation.
  9. Explain the uses of post dated vouchers.
  10. What are the different types of branches? Explain the need for branch accounting.
  11. Briefly explain the benefits of Accounting Standards.
  12. Distinguish between the following: a) Cost of Goods Sold and Cost of Goods Produced b) Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet
  13. Write short notes on the following: a) Systems of Book-keeping b) International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
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IGNOU BCOC-131 (July 2021 - January 2022) Assignment Questions

IGNOU BCOC-131 (July 2020 - January 2021) Assignment Questions

 
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