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NIOS Question Paper October 2016

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D.El.Ed.-505 Learning Environmental Studies (EVS) at Primary Level

October, 2016
Time: 3 hours Maximum 
Marks: 70

General Instructions : 
(1)Candidate must write his/her Roll Number on the first page of the question paper.
(2)Please check the question paper to verify that the total pages and total number of questions contained in the paper are the same as those printed on the top of the first page. Also check to see that the questions are in sequential order.
(3)For the objective type of questions, you have to choose any one of the four alternatives given in the question, i.e., A, B, C or D and indicate your correct answer in the answer-book given to you.
(4)Making any identification mark in the answer-book or writing Roll Number anywhere other than the specified places will lead to disqualification of the candidate.
(5)Answers for questions, like matching, true or false, fill in the blanks, etc., are to be given in the answer-book.
(6)Write your Question Paper Code No. 53/DEE/O/7, Set u on the answer-book.

All questions are compulsory and carry marks as indicated against each question.
Choose the most ap pro pri ate an swer among the four al ter na tives A, B, C and D and write it in your an swer-book :

Ques 1.Which of the following activities undertaken by the children is related to EVS principle ‘learning for the environment’?
(A) Observing different types of plants in a garden
(B) Preparing science exhibits for the science fair
(C) Celebration of social festivals
(D) Using fallen leaves and waste vegetables for preparing manure

Ques 2.Which of the following statements is not true for socio-cultural environment?
(A) It is dynamic in nature
(B) It is shaped by interactions between individuals in a community
(C) Air, water, rocks and roads around us are its important components
(D) Its characteristics are customs and values

Ques 3 .Which of the following is most appropriate strategy for contextualizing children’s learning?
(A) Transact contents through children’s activities
(B) Transact contents by relating it to real-life situations and immediate environment of children
(C) Transact contents by the use of environment as a learning resource
(D) Transact contents from simple to complex with the help of examples

Ques 4. What is the most appropriate role of EVS teacher as facilitator?
(A) To provide new knowledge to the child’s thinking and understanding through various activities
(B) To organize exhibitions and fairs for the children in the school
(C) To help and guide children explore and discover through their experiences
(D) To help and guide children in the preparation of models/teaching aids with the help of waste material in the environment

Ques 5. Which of the following is most important in fixing values in children?
(A) Observations and interactions of the children with people around them
(B) Concrete experiences of the events by the children
(C) Reinforcement received by the children from their elders, siblings, teachers and peer group for their behaviour
(D) Celebration of social festivals with the family and peer group by the children

Ques 6. Which of the following teaching-learning methods is most appropriate for developing the concept of ‘clouds’ among Class IV children?
(A) Observation method
(B) Project method
(C) Problem-solving method
(D) Small group discussion method

Ques 7. Which of the following actions of a teacher is not appropriate to make activity-based teaching-learning process successful?
(A) Create a positive environment in the class
(B) Prepare a well-organized lesson plan
(C) Leave the students completely independent to perform activities
(D) Spend some time reflecting on what worked well and what did not and why during teaching-learning process

Ques 8. Which one of the following is not the objective of organizing activities of creative writing for children at primary level?
(A) Nurturing expressiveness
(B) Developing creativeness
(C) Creating competitive atmosphere
(D) Creating joyful learning environment

Ques 9. Which one of the following techniques will be most effective to help students to understand about wild animals?
(A) Display of models of wild animals
(B) Colourful charts and pictures
(C) Visit to zoological park
(D) Talk and discussion with a forest officer

Ques 10. The series of NCERT published EVS textbooks is titled as
(A) ‘Observing Around’
(B) ‘Exploring Around’
(C) ‘Discovering Around’
(D) ‘Looking Around’

Ques 11. The main objective of giving importance to individual experiences of the children in an EVS class is to
(A) improve the language and communication skills of the children
(B) know the unique experiences of the children
(C) connect the topic with the learners’ experiences and environment
(D) develop divergent and reflective thinking and listening ability

Ques 12. 12. Which of the following statements is not true for planning teaching-learning process of EVS?
(A) Planning should be based on the learning objectives to be achieved
(B) Planning should be done keeping in view equipments and teaching aids available in school laboratory only
(C) Children should be involved in the planning
(D) Planning should be according to children’s age and interest

Ques 13. The term ‘assessment for learning’ refers to
(A) recording the information with the help of any tool to know about depth of learning of children
(B) planning further activities for learning on the basis of recorded information
(C) planning activities to assess the level of learning of children
(D) reporting assessment of learning of children to the parents

Ques 14. 14. What would you do if a student has trouble in working in peer group activities?
(A) Encourage the student to participate in group activities
(B) Direct other members of the group to involve the student in the group activity
(C) Make the student leader of the group
(D) Clearly define the role of each student of the group in the group activity

Ques 15. You want to assess the attainment of the learning objectives of an EVS lesson by the students. Which of the following features of the assessment is most important for this purpose?
(A) Validity of the assessment
(B) Flexibility of the assessment
(C) Reliability of the assessment
(D) Fairness of the assessment

Note : Question Nos. 16 to 30 are very short answer-type questions. Answer them in few words or lines :

Ques 16. Why is holistic education considered child-centred? Give two reasons.

Ques 17. Write two important objectives of teaching environmental studies at primary level.

Ques 18. Why is the concept of ‘Plants’ part of theme ‘Family and Friends’ in EVS textbooks? Give two reasons.

Ques 19. A child states ‘‘The scene of sunrise is extremely beautiful’’. Name the value associated with this statement of the child.

Ques 20. Give one example to justify that the ‘Environmental Studies’ is contextual.

Ques 21. What type of learning environment and atmosphere is required to be maintained by a teacher for facilitating creative expressions among students?

Ques 22. As a teacher how will you initiate the activity in classroom during activity-based teaching-learning process?

Ques 23. How can a teacher ensure individual accountability during the use of ‘cooperative learning’ as a method of teaching-learning EVS?

Ques 24. Give two advantages of writing ‘learning objectives’ for the lesson plan on ‘living and non-living things’.

Ques 25. Give two examples of institutional resources which can be effectively utilized for teaching-learning of EVS at primary level.

Ques 26. How can a teacher develop the skill of classification among children through collection of fallen leaves?

Ques 27. Write two important objectives of an educational trip for Class V students to a garden.

Ques 28. How will you undertake informal assessment of children of Class IV? List two methods.

Ques 29. In your class, there are some learners who are active and raise various questions based on their viewpoints and some learners who accept your viewpoints obediently without raising questions. Which of them will be rich source of feedback on the quality of learning situations?

Ques 30. Write two limitations of ‘essay test’ for assessing learning of EVS.

Question Nos. 31 to 40 are short an swer-type ques tions. An swer them briefly in not more than 50 words each :

Ques 31. Give a comprehensive definition of environment. State its one important characteristic.

Ques 32. Why is EVS known as a composite area as compared to other subjects? Explain with the help of examples.

Ques 33. “Young children learn differently than adults.” Do you agree with this statement? Give two reasons for your answer.

Ques 34. How can a teacher create an enabling environment for the development of children? Explain in the light of NCF, 2005.

Ques 35. What is meant by the statement, “All that is on earth belongs to one single family”? Why is their need to promote this understanding in children?

Ques 36. Which kind of media will you prefer to use for explaining about life of aquatic animals under sea to Class V children? Explain why.

Ques 37. Discuss two key factors which should be considered by a teacher for the selection of an appropriate method for transacting EVS lesson.

Ques 38. What will you do if a daily lesson plan prepared by you does not work well during teaching-learning process in a class?

Ques 39. How can audio-video recording be effectively used for assessing learning in EVS? Explain with the help of example.

Ques 40. How can ‘self-assessment’ and ‘peer assessment’ be used for the assessing learning in EVS? Give one example of each.

Note : Question Nos. 41 and 42 are long answer-type questions. Answer them elaborately in not more than 500 words each :

Ques 41. What are the inherent curricular strengths of EVS? Describe any four. Discuss any two key challenges faced by a teacher in transacting this curriculum and the strategies to be adopted to overcome these challenges.

Ques 42. Why is reporting students’ progress considered essential part of the assessment process? State six important principles of effective and informative reporting. List two important informations which a teacher should include in the feedback on assessment results.