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NIOS Question Paper October 2016

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D.El.Ed.-503 Learning Languages at Elementary Level

October, 2016
Time: 3 hours Maximum 
Marks: 70

General Instructions : 
(1)Candidate must write his/her Roll Number on the first page of the question paper.
(2)Please check the question paper to verify that the total pages and total number of questions contained in the paper are the same as those printed on the top of the first page. Also check to see that the questions are in sequential order.
(3)For the objective type of questions, you have to choose any one of the four alternatives given in the question, i.e., A, B, C or D and indicate your correct answer in the answer-book given to you.
(4)Making any identification mark in the answer-book or writing Roll Number anywhere other than the specified places will lead to disqualification of the candidate.
(5)Answers for questions, like matching, true or false, fill in the blanks, etc., are to be given in the answer-book.
(6)Write your Question Paper Code No. 53/DEE/O/7, Set u on the answer-book.

Question Nos. 1 to 15 are multiple-choice questions. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives (A), (B), (C) and (D) given against each question and write the correct answer in your answer-book :

Ques 1. The nature of language is not
(A) Static
(B) Social (C) Experimental (D) Changeable

Ques 2. Which of the following is not a formal way of learning a language?
(A) Classroom
(B) Textbook
(C) Family
(D) Language lab

Ques 3 . Sanskrit was declared a classical language in the year
(B) 2005
(C) 2006
(D) 2008

Ques 4. First Hindi newspaper ‘Udant Martand’ was published from
(B) Kolkata
(C) Delhi
(D) Agra

Ques 5. Which of the following statements is/are true about Grammar Translation Method?
(i) The teacher must know both the languages.
(ii) The spoken aspect of the language is not stressed.
(iii) Grammar rules are to be memorized.
(iv) Exercises are mostly sentence-based.
(A) Only (i).
(B) Only (ii) and (iii)
(C) Only (i) and (iv)
(D) All of the above

Ques 6. How can a teacher best teach writing skills to a class?
(A) By brainstorming ideas and asking students to write in their own words
(B) By asking students to write neatly
(C) Through dictation
(D) By asking students to read various articles and rewrite them

Ques 7. Which competency is the most important in second language learning?
(A) Grammatical
(B) Literary
(C) Reading
(D) Communicative

Ques 8. Reader gets a graphic picture of a person in
(A) a travelogue
(B) a biography
(C) a sketch
(D) an autobiography

Ques 9. Somerset Maugham, Anton Chekhov and R. K. Lakshman are predominantly great
(A) poets
(B) story-writers
(C) playwrights
(D) film producers

Ques 10. Reading does not mean
(A) recognition of alphabets
(B) to absorb meaning from the written text
(C) to link ideas and keep them in mind
(D) to have a dialogue with the text

Ques 11. Which of these writers contributed immensely to Sant literature?
(A) Bihari
(B) Senapati
(C) Raidas
(D) Ratnakar

Ques 12. Which of these statements is not correct?
(A) Second language can be acquired like the first language.
(B) Both nature and nurture have a role to play in language acquisition.
(C) Comprehensible input in the second language is required for the children to learn a second language.
(D) Focus of direct method is on contextual use of language.

Ques 13. What is true about an autobiography?
(A) It is one’s own account of his life
(B) It is a technology that deals with automobile
(C) It is an art of language teaching
(D) It is an account of one’s family and friends

Ques 14. Who defined reading as ‘a game of psycholinguistic speculation’?
(A) Jean Aitchison
(B) B. F. Skinner
(C) Goodman
(D) Bernstein

Ques 15. In the normal situation of language learning
(A) errors are corrected instantly
(B) use of language is encouraged without caring about the errors
(C) focus is on imitation of language
(D) emphasis is laid on grammatically correct language

Question Nos. 16 to 30 are very short answer-type questions. Answer the following questions in about 2–3 sentences each :

Ques 16. Name any two major dialects of Hindi language.

Ques 17. What do you understand by third language?

Ques 18. Which is the associate official language of India?

Ques 19. How are listening and speaking mutually dependent skills?

Ques 20. Mention any one limitation of the Grammar Translation Method.

Ques 21. Name the area of the brain that causes problems in speech comprehension, if damaged.

Ques 22. Which period is called the critical period in language development of a child?

Ques 23. What do you mean by brevity in writing?

Ques 24. Suggest any one small group activity for upper primary classes to develop listening and speaking skills.

Ques 25. What is dyslexia?

Ques 26. In how many parts can literature be divided on the basis of objectives?

Ques 27. Suggest any two activities to develop fine motor skills in children.

Ques 28. Write any one principle of communicative language teaching..

Ques 29. At which age is a normal child supposed to have become linguistically adult?

Ques 30. What do you mean by personification?

Question Nos. 31 to 40 are short answer-type questions. Answer them briefly :

Ques 31. Describe the importance of teaching-learning material in a language learning process.

Ques 32. What is the importance of literature in language class?

Ques 33. Differentiate between language acquisition and language learning.

Ques 34. Why can informative and critical literature be referred to as non-aesthetic literature?

Ques 35. Explain how the skills of listening and speaking are interlinked and interdependent.

Ques 36. Illustrate with examples the significance of pause in a sentence.

Ques 37. Why is writing skill considered to be the most difficult skill?

Ques 38. What is the importance of a reading corner in a class?

Ques 39. How does one build understanding based on words? Give an example.

Ques 40. What is the role of anticipating and guessing in reading?

Answer the following long answer-type questions in about 500 words each : 10×2=20

Ques 41. Highlight the differences that you will keep in mind while planning a lesson for teaching a poem and another for teaching a story. Give reasons for the differences.

Ques 42. Discuss in detail the role of Hindi literature in the development of Hindi language.